Ho Chi Minh City: A Chaotic City of Colors and Contrasts

Incense drifts from the temples of Ho Chi Minh City, floating from ancient alleyways to glass-fronted skyscrapers. Minimalist designer stores juxtapose against vibrant street markets so tightly packed with people you can barely see your own feet. The city is filled with stark reminders of war, and though it’s the one thing I can’t shake from my mind, nobody says a word about it. The taxi drivers are all smiles and raised thumbs, and when I tell them I’m from America, the response is almost always an over-enthusiastic, “Obama! He very good!”

Few places in the world are as laced with contrast and contradiction as Ho Chi Minh. It’s as if a thousand chaotic worlds are colliding at once—you’ll leave Ho Chi Minh City with more questions than when you arrived. Of all the places I’ve been, Ho Chi Minh is one that I always recall.

Ho Chi Minh City: A Chaotic City of Colors and Contrasts

A Turbulent History Shapes a Vibrant Today

Conflict brings change and this city is adapting. In some cities, every new incarnation brings destruction to what had come before. Ho Chi Minh, however, has cherrypicked the best of each era and preserved it for the next generation.

The city has become an amalgamation of history and modernity, spanning the time when it was known as Saigon, including all the international influences, from China to France, since the end of the war.

Street markets in Ho Chi Minh
Street markets in Ho Chi Minh

The Chinese quarter of Cholon, for example, is an evocation of the city’s complex trading history. Different ethnic groups had a foothold here, which are now epitomized by the mix of Buddhist temples, Taoist signs, 19th-century Catholic, and pagodas spilling their incense onto narrow streets.

Getting lost in the urban maze of Cholon is one of my favorite things to do in Ho Chi Minh. The labyrinth is so confusing it’s better to use a compass than a map to get around. The Binh Tay Market is a good starting point, from where you’ll walk past many temples and pagodas, including the bold colors of Phuoc An Hoi Quan Pagoda.

Burning incense at a temple in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Burning incense at a temple in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Conversely, the French started ruling much of Vietnam in the mid-19th-century, bringing with them elegant villas and Parisian sophistication. Among the finest colonial buildings are the Notre Dame Cathedral and Central Post Office, memoirs to an era of architectural decadence and artistic style.

There is also the majestic colonial building where the Fine Arts Museum is now housed. Here, centuries-old masterpieces are complemented by contemporary paintings documenting the tragedy of war.

Ho Chi Minh Wouldn’t Be Ho Chi Minh Without the War

Before the American War (as it’s known in Vietnam), there had been almost three decades of armed conflict in Saigon. First, the French ruled, then the Japanese, then the French again (but with U.S. support), and then independent South Vietnam.

Saigon, as it was known, was the main base for American troops who were in conflict with communist North Vietnam.

The city officially fell when the North Vietnamese troops crashed through the iron gates of the president’s home, thus giving birth to a new city known as Ho Chi Minh. Today, Reunification Palace is a tourist attraction that serves to remember the historical moment and to display the elaborate style of the city’s former rulers.

Though it only ended 40 years ago, Vietnam seems to have moved on from the war. It’s not surprising, though—an era of ugly war is not a time that anybody person, much less a country, would want to dwell on.

Ho Chi Minh City Hall, built in French colonial style for Saigon
Ho Chi Minh City Hall, built in French colonial style for Saigon

The War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh is what’s left. It’s a sobering reminder of what happened between 1955 and 1975. And though many parts of the museum can sound like one-sided propaganda, so, too, is just about every Vietnam War movie ever made in the U.S.

But the museum only serves to enhance one’s respect and admiration for the people of Ho Chi Minh. The damage caused by Agent Orange (warning: graphic), for example, was devastating—with photos of deformed babies and mutilated human faces, it’s not pretty viewing, especially if you’re American. One can’t help but feel shame and guilt for what we did.

Such atrocities occurred just a generation ago, yet Americans and other foreign visitors are welcomed with open hearts and wide smiles. It would be easy for the people of Vietnam to shut themselves off from the rest of the world, and especially America, but they haven’t. And I’ve never felt like I was treated any differently because of where I came from.

Ho Chi Minh City: A Modern Whirlwind of Style and Culture

The history is what originally drew me to Ho Chi Minh City. I wanted to experience a dreamy old-world image of Saigon, but this doesn’t exist without today’s modern iteration of Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Chi Minh has become one of Asia’s economic capitals, epitomized by the 262-meter Bitexco Financial Tower, where the Saigon Skydeck is located on the 48th of its 68 floors.

But if you head in the opposite direction of the skyscraper, down the Saigon River, you’ll notice that the culture beings to change.

Ho Chi Minh City Skyline
Skyscrapers along the Saigon River (Bitexo on the left)

Funkily-dressed locals explore boutique designer stores. Alleyways are a haven for the trendsetters, filled with pop-up galleries and flamboyant street art. The 3A Alternative Art Area feels like a cross between East End London and hipster San Francisco. It’s indelibly underground and cutting-edge, but it’s still iconically Ho Chi Minh.

There’s something celebratory about it all and the excitement continues long after dusk. The locals know how to party, whether it’s hard rock in a cafe hidden down an alleyway or a nightclub that’s open till dawn on the opposite side of the river.

It’s the blend of styles that make Ho Chi Minh such a unique place to visit. You’ll find politics and you’ll find history, but above all else, you’ll find a vision for the future.

Views of the Saigon River
Views of the Saigon River

Perhaps this mishmash of styles is best illustrated in District 1. This is where you’ll find rediscovered old-world alleyways alongside the city’s shimmering new buildings. It’s where you’ll see the contrasts of the city in such dazzling and unfathomable detail. Stay here and the fascinating paradox of past and present can be found with just a single step outside of your hotel.

Yet, even while there are old relics here, the city never dwells on the past. Yes, there are war museums and historical neighborhoods, but these only serve to memorialize the past, not to dwell on it.

While many Asian cities are dominated by soulless international chains, Ho Chi Minh City remains true to its history, and it’s proud of what it’s become. It’s a city that always makes me feel so welcome—a chaotic city of contrasts with a future shaped by, but not holding onto its past.


About the Author

Jeremy Scott Foster

Jeremy Scott Foster is an adventure-junkie, gear expert and travel photographer based in Southern California. Previously nomadic, he’s been to ~50 countries and loves spending time outdoors. You can usually find him on the trail, on the road, jumping from bridges or hustling on his laptop working to produce the best travel and outdoors content today.
  1. I didn’t get to do too much exploring of Ho Chi Minh beyond the historic sites your mentioned since I was still recovering from a nasty bout of food poisoning (hot tip: avoid the $1 baguettes on Koh Rong!) but I would love to go back and see District 1 and other artsy parts of the city you mentioned. Vietnam is one of those places I could return to again and again!

  2. I really fell in love with this city. It’s so vibrant and colorful and the people always seem to be happy!
    The best you can do there is just to walk around with no clear route, as you will discover so many hidden treasures.I really enjoyed the museum and the little parcs in district 1. Planning to go back next year !

    And don’t let anyone steal your flip-flops to “clean” them with a tooth brush while chilling in a parc area – they will charge around $10 😀

    Love your blog! Keep up the good work 🙂

  3. Great post, tips and history, I enjoyed reading it! me and Phil are visiting Vietnam and HCMC very soon! excited now.

  4. I stayed in HCM for two days and sadly only had time to visit the Remnants museum (very impressive) and the Cu Chi tunnels, because my visa was about to expire. I wish I had had the time to just walk around en see the city…well maybe next time?

  5. I’m too much happy to read what you had written and others comments. Thanks you very much Jeremy

  6. Funny how wrong they are about the Obama’s! I guess there media feeds the all the B.S.. just like in the states lol

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